What is Electromagnetic Compatibility?

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) describes the ability of a device to operate as intended in its environment without interfering with other devices. Controlling electromagnetic interference is an integral part of the development of any electronic device. By law, products must comply with international EMC standards, which regulate EM emissions and the susceptibility of commercially available electrical and electronic systems. A successful product must strike a balance between EMC and competing design requirements such as size, cost and performance. Finding this balance can pose major challenges to engineers. The earlier we can identify a potential EMC problem, the less disruption it causes to the design process. By including EMC-compliant design at an early stage, additional costly development iterations can be avoided later on.

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulations ensure that devices must not emit electromagnetic fields that can disrupt other electronics. Devices must also be able to withstand interference from nearby devices and from environmental electromagnetic effects (E3) such as lightning strikes or electromagnetic pulse.

How can simulation help with EMC?

Electromagnetic simulation gives engineers a detailed view of all EMC-relevant aspects of a device – from the flow of currents across a circuit board, to the propagation of fields between co-site antennas. It helps them identify and resolve potential problems before testing. This not only cuts development time and costs, but can also reduce the risk of failing regulatory EMC testing. SIMULIA’s simulation portfolio includes a range of specialized tools for interference and EMC analysis, powered by fast, accurate 3D solvers.

EMC Software Applications:

  • EMC Rule Checking
  • EMC virtual testing
  • Co-site interference analysis
  • E3 - Electromagnetic Environmental Effects
  • Cable harness simulation

With CST Studio Suite technology, the relevant EMC categories emissions and susceptibility can be studied. It also enables the investigation of system-level effects, either by its sheer ability to tackle very large and complex set-ups efficiently or by hybridization between the most appropriate solvers, dedicated to a certain problem class, such as cables for example.

EMC/EMI Applications

Simulation of Crosstalk and De-sense in a Mobile phone

This interactive infographic uses short videos to explain the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and signal integrity (SI) issues affecting the design of a mobile phone.

USB 3.2 offers data speed up to 20GBit/s. These fast signals create broadband noise that can affect other electronic systems even at radio frequencies (RF) and often leads to RF de-sense and crosstalk.

Electromagnetic simulation can be used to analyze the distribution of currents and electromagnetic fields inside devices, showing how they propagate and identifying the coupling paths that can cause interference issues. With this information, engineers can improve the routing of traces and add interference mitigation components such as via fences.

crosstalk in a mobilephone > Dassault Systèmes

ESD Testing Simulation - Air Discharge Method

In the air discharge method, the charged electrode of the test generator is brought close to the device under test (DUT) and the discharge is actuated by a spark to the device. In this paper, the electrostatic discharge (ESD) generator test setup is modeled using SIMULIA CST Studio Suite and the simulations are carried out for different test levels for air discharge as specified in the IEC standard IEC 61000-4-2

generator for air discharge > Dassault Systèmes

ESD Testing Simulation - Contact Discharge Method

In the contact discharge method for electrostatic discharge testing, the electrode of the test generator is held in direct contact with a conducting part of the equipment under test (EUT). The discharge switch actuates the discharge within the generator. IEC 61000-4-2 describes the procedure for the calibration of the injected waveform by the ESD generator. We compare the waveform characteristics with the ideal generator waveform characteristics.

ESD Gun > Dassault Systèmes

Bulk Current Injection

The Bulk Current Injection (BCI) technique, a non-invasive method to test the immunity of electronic devices. We use electromagnetic fields to couple a noise signal into the device.

Learn how to perform a simulation of the typical bulk current injection test.

bulk current injection > Dassault Systèmes

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