Cyber systems involve entirely new capabilities for people and machines. In cyber-physical systems, physical and software components are deeply intertwined, able to operate on different spatial and temporal scales, exhibit multiple and distinct behavioral modalities, and interact with each other in ways that change with context.
It is necessary to make a paradigm shift into digital transformation to support current and future trends. The following business enablers need to align with current and future trends:
1. Digital Thread: This describes the framework which connects data flows and produces a holistic view of an asset's data across its product lifecycle from development, manufacturing, in-service operation, retirement. Typically, the digital thread connects digital twins, digital models of physical assets, or groups of assets.
2. Digital Twin: This is the virtual representation of properties and behavior and is a virtual replica of systems or processes used to anticipate and optimize performance along with maintaining digital synchronization with systems or processes.
3. Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE): This is a systems engineering approach that focuses on creating and exploiting domain models as the primary means of information exchange between engineers, rather than on document-based information exchange.
MBSE is the first building block of the digital value chain.